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I-130 Petition for Alien Relative

Head down the path to family reunification with SimVisa's I-130 (Petition for Alien Relative) services. Our seasoned immigration attorneys can ensure a seamless application process and help you take the first step toward uniting your loved ones today.

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Immigration Law


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    With SimVisa, you have the option of receiving full-service legal support - for every aspect of your case - with immigration lawyers from a top-quality immigration law firm.

    • Step 1: Initial Consultation with SimVisa

    • Step 2: SimVisa Fills Out Your Immigration Applications

    • Step 3: SimVisa Prepares Application Package with Evidence

    • Step 4: A SimVisa Attorney Reviews Your Application Package

    • Step 5: SimVisa Submits an Application to USCIS For You

    • Step 6: SImVisa Handles All Communications with USCIS

    • Step 7: SimVisa Monitors Your Case From Start To Finish

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    *Prices do not include government fees and may vary based on case complexity
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    At SimVisa, we understand the temptation to save on lawyer fees by filing on your own. We have a solution for that. When you work with us, your application will be prepared under the supervision of an experienced immigration attorney. You’ll also receive a one-hour consultation to get answers to any questions you might have.

    • Step 1: SimVisa collected information and documents from you through our online portal

    • Step 2: Simvisa fills out your forms and prepares your supporting documents

    • Step 3: A SimVisa immigration attorney goes over your filled-out application and supporting documents with you (1-hour video consultation)

    • Step 4: Simvisa finalizes your packet with attorney approval

    • Step 5: We deliver your packet to your door

    • Step 6: You file with USCIS

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    *Prices do not include government fees and may vary based on case complexity

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All You Need to Know

Trusted Chicago I-130 Lawyers

At SimVisa, we take immense pride in being the trusted choice for I-130 services in Chicago and beyond. With over 17 years of unwavering dedication, we've assisted countless people in making their family reunification dreams a reality.

Our experienced lawyers combine vast knowledge of immigration law and powerful digital solutions to streamline your journey. With a remarkable 98% success rate, SimVisa offers more than legal assistance — we offer hope. Your immigration goals are our top priority, and we're committed to providing comprehensive support every step of the way.

Start Your Family Reunification Journey!

Your loved ones are waiting for you. Contact our I-130 lawyers today for personalized immigration guidance.

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What Is Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative?

Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, is a crucial document used in the United States immigration process. It’s filed by a U.S. citizen or a lawful permanent resident (green card holder) to establish a qualifying familial relationship with a foreign relative who wishes to immigrate to the United States.

The primary purpose of the I-130 petition is to prove the existence of a genuine family relationship between the petitioner (the U.S. citizen or green card holder) and the beneficiary (the foreign relative). This relationship may include spouses, children, parents, and siblings, depending on the petitioner's status.

Who Is Eligible to Submit an I-130 Petition?

Eligibility for filing Form I-130 is primarily determined by the petitioner's relationship with the beneficiary.

The following categories of individuals are generally eligible to make use of Form I-130:

  • Spouses: U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents are permitted to file I-130 petitions for their foreign-born spouses.
  • Unmarried Children Under 21: U.S. citizens and green card holders can file Form I-130 for their unmarried children under 21, including biological, stepchildren, and adopted children.
  • Parents: U.S. citizens are eligible to file I-130 petitions for their foreign-born parents.
  • Siblings: U.S. citizens can submit Form I-130 on behalf of their brothers and sisters.

Not everyone is eligible to file an I-130 petition, however. This route is not available to the following individuals:

  • Adoptive parents or newly adopted children
  • Natural parents of adopted U.S. residents
  • Grandparents
  • Aunts and uncles
  • Cousins
  • Nieces and nephews
  • Friends or non-family members
  • In-laws (unless they fit into one of the eligible categories mentioned above)

It's important to note that there may be exceptions and specific circumstances where eligibility can vary. Moreover, immigration laws and regulations are constantly subject to change. If you have questions, don’t hesitate to reach out to SimVisa’s immigration attorneys at (312) 298-9766.

The Process of Submitting Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative

Completing Form I-130 is crucial for reconnecting with family in the United States. Here's an overview of how it works:

1. Determination of Eligibility

The process begins with the U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident petitioner (the sponsor) confirming their eligibility to file an I-130 petition for the intended family member (the beneficiary). As mentioned, eligible relationships can include spouses, children, parents, and siblings, depending on the petitioner's status.

2. Preparation and Filing of Form I-130

The petitioner must complete and submit Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

Along with the form, they must provide supporting documents to verify the relationship, such as birth certificates, marriage certificates, and proof of U.S. citizenship or permanent resident status. They must also pay the required filing fee.

3. Receipt Notice

After USCIS receives the I-130 petition, they’ll issue a receipt acknowledging the filing. This notice will include a unique case number, which is essential for tracking the case's progress.

4. Processing and Review

Next, USCIS will review the petition to ensure completeness and validity and sign off on the authenticity of the provided documents. Officials may request additional evidence if necessary.

5. Request for Evidence

If USCIS officials require more information or documentation, they’ll issue a Request for Evidence (RFE). The petitioner must respond promptly and comprehensively to avoid delays.

6. Approval or Denial

When USCIS is satisfied with the provided information and documentation, they’ll make a decision. If the petitioner is approved, they’ll receive an official approval notice. If they’re denied, USCIS will offer a detailed explanation.

7. Forwarding to the National Visa Center

If the beneficiary resides outside the U.S. and the I-130 petition is approved, USCIS will forward the case to the National Visa Center (NVC). The NVC will contact the petitioner with further instructions and visa application forms.

8. Consular Processing

Beneficiaries applying from outside the U.S. must attend a visa interview at the U.S. consulate or embassy in their home country. If approved, they’ll receive an immigrant visa allowing them to enter the U.S.

9. Adjustment of Status

If the beneficiary is already in the U.S., they can apply for adjustment of status (Form I-485) to become a lawful permanent resident following the approval of Form I-130.

10. Reunification in the U.S.

Once the immigrant visa is issued or the adjustment of status is approved, the beneficiary can enter or remain in the U.S. as a lawful permanent resident and officially reunite with the petitioner.

Need Help with Your I-130 Petition?

While completing and filing Form I-130 is relatively straightforward, there are many steps involved, and a lot is riding on the outcome. If you’re unsure where to begin, seek assistance from SimVisa’s I-130 lawyers to navigate the family sponsorship process with ease.

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How Our I-130 Lawyers Can Help You Petition for Your Relatives

The capable I-130 lawyers at SimVisa are here to guide you through the complex procedure of petitioning for your family members. Here's how our dedicated legal team can help you:

Assessing Your Eligibility

Our attorneys will evaluate your eligibility to file Form I-130 based on your immigration status and relationship with the family member in question to ensure that you meet all the necessary criteria.

Helping You Gather the Required Documentation

Providing compelling documentation is a pivotal step. We’ll educate you about all the supporting documents needed to establish the familial relationship, such as birth certificates, marriage certificates, and proof of your U.S. citizenship or green card status.

Preparing Forms

Our lawyers will help you complete your petition accurately and thoroughly. This will include a detailed review to confirm that all necessary information is included and that the forms are filled out correctly.

Submitting Your Documents and Monitoring Your Status

Our team will submit your finished petition to USCIS on your behalf. We’ll then track the progress of your case and handle any requests for additional information or documentation.

Handling Complex Cases

There’s no need to worry if you have a unique or complicated family situation characterized by prior immigration issues, criminal history, or other unique circumstances. Our lawyers have the practical knowledge required to address these challenges and increase your chances of success.

Overseeing Appeals and Denial Challenges

If your petition faces a denial or a Request for Evidence, we can help you prepare an appeal or responses to address USCIS’s concerns effectively.

By working with SimVisa's dedicated I-130 lawyers, you can take a big step toward successfully petitioning for your loved ones to join you in the United States.

SohYoon Atac
Co-founder of SimVisa with over 17 years of experience in immigration law.


  • Juris Doctorate - Chicago Kent College of Law
  • Bachelor's Degree - The University of Chicago
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Why Choose SimVisa?

At SimVisa, we understand that choosing the right immigration law firm is a major decision. Here's why our clients have chosen us and continue to trust us for all their immigration needs:

  • Unrivaled Experience: With nearly two decades of experience in immigration law, our attorneys boast peerless knowledge and procedural efficiency.
  • Proven Track Record: An impressive 98% success rate reflects our commitment to your goals.
  • Comprehensive Services: We offer assistance with family-based petitions, green cards, and more.
  • Digital Solutions: Our innovative tech solutions can streamline the immigration process while also making it cost-effective.
  • Tailored Guidance: Our attorneys always provide personalized support for each client’s unique situation.
  • Nationwide Reach: While we’re based in Chicago, we proudly serve clients nationwide
  • Transparent Communication: We’ll keep you informed at every turn with prompt responses and regular updates.

Your future in the United States is important to us. It only makes sense to partner with an immigration law firm that puts your interests first.

Why Choose Simvisa for Family-Based Immigration?
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FAQs About Petition for Alien Relative

Our clients have a lot of questions. Here are the answers to some of those most frequently asked.

How long does the I-130 petition process take?

The processing time for Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, can vary widely based on various factors, including the petitioner's relationship to the beneficiary, USCIS’s workload, and the beneficiary's country of origin.

Generally, however, it may take anywhere from 12 to 40 months for the petition to be approved. Consular processing or adjustment of status timelines may further affect the overall waiting period.

What are some common reasons for I-130 denials, and how can they be avoided?

Common reasons for I-130 petition denials include:

  • Insufficient supporting documentation to prove the claimed family relationship.
  • Failure to meet the core eligibility criteria.
  • Mistakes on the application forms.
  • Missing required fees or signatures.

It’s important to avoid these issues in order to accelerate the timeline for approval.

Can I appeal a denied I-130 petition?

Yes, it’s possible to appeal a denied I-130 petition. Here’s how:

  1. File Form I-290B, Notice of Appeal or Motion, within 30 days of receiving the denial decision.
  2. Include the appropriate filing fee and any supporting documentation that strengthens your case.
  3. Wait for USCIS to review the appeal — the agency may schedule a hearing.
  4. If your appeal is denied, you may have the option to further appeal to the Administrative Appeals Office (AAO) or through federal litigation.

It’s highly recommended that you consult an experienced immigration attorney at SimVisa when appealing a denied I-130 petition, as professional guidance can improve your chances of success.

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Ready to embark on your immigration journey with SimVisa? Fill out our quick online contact form or call us at (312) 298-9766 to schedule a no-cost consultation and explore your options.

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